PNAS, 21 November 2018，DOI:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1811209115
Coiled-coil 1-mediated fastening of the neck and motor domains for kinesin-3 autoinhibition
Jinqi Ren, Shuang Wang, Han Chen, Wenjuan Wang, Lin Huo, and Wei Feng
In kinesin-3, the coiled-coil 1 (CC1) can sequester the preceding neck coil (NC) for autoinhibition, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we determined the structures of the uninhibited motor domain (MD)-NC dimer and inhibited MD-NC-CC1 monomer of kinesin-3 KIF13B. In the MD-NC-CC1 monomer, CC1 is broken into two short helices that unexpectedly interact with both the NC and the MD. Compared with the MD-NC dimer, the CC1-mediated integration of NC and MD not only blocks the NC dimer formation, but also prevents the neck linker (NL) undocking and the ADP release from the MD. Mutations of the essential residues in the interdomain interaction interface in the MD-NC-CC1 monomer restored the MD activity. Thus, CC1 fastens the neck domain and MD and inhibits both NC and NL. This CC1-mediated lockdown of the entire neck domain may represent a paradigm for kinesin autoinhibition that could be applicable to other kinesin-3 motors.